Essay on Poverty in India, “Poverty anywhere is threat to prosperity everywhere”. Poverty is defined as the state when a person is not able to fulfill basic necessities of life and is not able to sustain his family.
Poverty is one of the biggest menaces to the mankind at the global level, and India is no exception to it. India ranks 102 out of 117 nations in global hunger index, which tells the level of poverty.
Though there has been considerable improvement, from 268 million living in poverty in 2011 to
50 million people at present, still India is one of the largest contributor to the poverty.
In India poverty considerations are based on Suresh Tendulkar Committee which shifted considerations
from calorie basis to education, health, etc.
There are various causes of poverty like high population but limited resources, unemployment, inflation, illiteracy, poor agricultural infrastructure, etc. And these in turn have lead to the umpteen problems like malnutrition, child labor, child marriage, illiteracy, low per capita income, migration from rural to urban areas, etc.
The Indian government has taken several initiatives in the past and present like Food for work, Mahatma
Gandhi national rural employment guarantee act for 100 days employment, Financial inclusion through
Jan Dhan Yojana, Ayushman bharat yojana, Saubhagya yojana, Ujjwala yojana, Jan awaas yojana,etc.
There are many other things that can be done like setting up small scale industries, cottage industries to
provide employment to the poor, per capita food production should be increased.
In Toto the government is doing every effort to uproot this menace but our contribution is needed. For
when these ambitious missions get energized by the people participation they become vibrant mass
movement and lead to success.
“Poverty is like termite, it will eventually hollow out the nation if allowed to flourish”.